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Language Development

Intentional Communication: why?

Home
About the Designers
What is language?
Theories of Language Development
The Pre-Linguistic Phase
Beginnings of Intentional Communication
Guidelines for Intentional Communication
Intentional Communication: why?
Four Main Aspects of Language
Phonology
Semantics
Aquiring Words
Errors In Word Learning
Syntax
Grammar
Communication
Fun Facts
Links

Reasons for communication

Infants communicate for a variety of reasons, but these reasons can most simply be categorized into two groups. Namely, Imperative communications, and Declarative communications.

Imperative Communications
Rejection: using consistent gestures or vocalizations to stop any interaction.
      ex: If a child becomes over stimulated she may turn her head away to  try to take a break and regulate herself.
 
Request: using consistent gestures or vocalizations to get help, or achieve a goal.
    
     Request for object: used to obtain something out of reach ex: bottle on table.
     Request for social interaction: used to gain the attention of another and maintain it. ex: throwing arms up and vocalizing.
     Request for action: used to commence some behavior or action. ex: holding up a ball in a partners' line of vision and vocalizing.

Declarative comments: attempting to gain the attention of a partner in order to jointly notice some object or event ex: child points at cup while alternating gaze between cup and partner and vocalizing.

Other functions of early intentional comunication:
 
-to express feelings of happiness, anger, surprise, etc
-enactive reasons, imitating
 

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