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Language Development

Grammar

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Between the ages of 2 and 5 children learn to create complex sentences.
In order to intentionally produce grammatically correct sentences, children need to learn and understand grammatical morphemes. Children often learn grammatical morphemes at differing ages.  
A grammatical morpheme is a modifier that changes the meaning of a word We often use them for creating words that use past tense (ed), action words (ing), and plural words (s). 
Grammatical morphemes are important in helping children learn Questions,and Negatives .
 

Questions
The questions of children usually  start out as declarative sentences with heightened pitches or intonations near the end. (Shaffer,et.,al,2002).
Children usually ask  what who and where questions before they ask how and when questions. This is because in order to ask how and why questions, toddlers need to be able to understand abstract thought.  
Children usually learn how to form questions in phases. 
phase one
Children will make two word questions ex.Where kitty?
Phase two
Children will add helping verbs to the question but willl often reverse them. ex.Where kitty is going?
Phase three 
Children will form proper questions. ex.Where is the kitty going?
 
Negatives
Children will develop negatives in phases much like they  do questions. 
Phase one
Children will put a negation in front of the word they want to negate.ex. No kitty.
Phase two
children will put the negative word into their sentences.ex. That not kitty.
 Phase three
Children will be able to add a negative into a sentence correctly ex. That wasn't a kitty.
 
Although children develop questions,and negations at  differing rates , most children develop grammatically correct questions and negatives by the time they are four years old ( Shaffer, et.al,2002).

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